Repairing collections

File : Repair collection makes it possible to recover from errors in your collection. Repair collection goes through all data in the collection, looking for errors and plugging the holes. As much as a spell-checker can fix a badly written text, Repair collection can fix some problems produced by hard disk malfunction, viruses, or errors in copying files. If Repair collection cannot fix a problem, you will have to return to your most recent backup. Remember to backup often!

You can quickly execute Repair collection by choosing Ctrl+F12.

Repair collection is only possible in an unlocked SuperMemo.

Integrity problems in a collection may appear in case of hardware or system software problems. Bad clusters, lost sectors, data corruption, etc. can often be remedied by replacing affected files (e.g. corrupted Mpeg file, etc.). However, if the problem occurs in SuperMemo index files or files storing optimization data used by repetition spacing algorithm, only File : Repair collection can remedy the problem.

Important! Unless you have a recent backup handy, you should check the backup option before running Repair collection. You should never abort SuperMemo manually (e.g. with Ctrl+Alt+Del : Task Manager : End Process). This is particularly true during Repair collection. If you abort the repair operation while files are being rebuilt, your collection may be damaged beyond repair!

Before you begin the recovery, choose appropriate recovery options in Repair options dialog box.

Repair collection does not recover from some error types. Here are some errors that are not remedied with Repair collection:

Note: If you encounter problems that could not be remedied with File : Repair collection (except for those listed above), please report it. Remember to make a backup of copy of the damaged collection, e.g. with File : Backup (Shift+F12) or better yet with File : Copy collection (Ctrl+Shift+C).

FAQ

Example

A typical collection checkup report might look like this:

SuperMemo Report   Activity: Checking the integrity of the collection   Collection: d:\colls\all   Date: Feb 28, 2016, Sun, 01:51:39   SuperMemo 17 (Build 17.0, Feb 27, 2016)Checking 629,260 element records (ElementInfo.dat)Turning on tasklist verification along element data integrity checksVerifying integrity of element data (629260 elements in ElementInfo.dat)Verifying knowledge tree (629,260 elements in Contents.dat)Verifying the priority queue of 609,863 elementsVerifying repetition schedule (Workload.dat and ElementInfo.dat)Verifying pending queue (Intact.dat)Verifying A-Factor, Lapses and Repetitions distributionsRecovering registries and filespace referencesRebuilding Text registry (1109677 members in a 1157580 member file)Rebuilding Template registry (123 members in a 134 member file)Rebuilding Font registry (74 members in a 10290 member file)Rebuilding Reference registry (42257 members in a 43610 member file)Rebuilding Style registry (1 members in a 4 member file)Rebuilding Script registry (2 members in a 2 member file)Rebuilding Program registry (101 members in a 102 member file)Rebuilding Ole registry (0 members in a 0 member file)Rebuilding Video registry (4 members in a 4 member file)Rebuilding Image registry (21593 members in a 22778 member file)Rebuilding Sound registry (120768 members in a 123541 member file)Redirected sound registry reference:   From Member #13328   To Sound #41018: orneryRedirected sound registry reference:   From Member #19792   To Sound #103943: hurdy-gurdyRebuilding Tasklist registry (1 members in a 23 member file)Rebuilding Concept registry (51 members in a 98 member file)Rebuilding Link registry (40 members in a 40 member file)Registering componentsTransferring templatesRegistering referencesRegistering image referencesVerifying link registry (40 members in a 40 member file)Verifying concepts registry (51 members in a 98 member file)Verifying Text registry++++++++++++++++++++++    ERROR #1   ++++++++++++++++++++++   Wrong length of registry usership list for Text #622793: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/51/Thai_TIS_166-2549_mains_plug.jpg   Count: reported=69 found=70   Registry: textVerifying Sound registryWarning! Registry member not used   Sound #8661: conjugalWarning! Registry member not used   Sound #12701: ask for a rain checkWarning! Registry member not used   Sound #20414: scallionWarning! Registry member not used   Sound #117383: pellucid (wrong!)4 unused member(s) in the Sound registryVerifying Video registryVerifying Style registryVerifying Script registryVerifying Program registryVerifying Template registryVerifying Tasklist registryVerifying Concept registryVerifying Link registryDeleting directory: d:\colls\all\registry\RText_usersDeleting directory: d:\colls\all\registry\RFont_usersDeleting directory: d:\colls\all\registry\RReference_usersDeleting directory: d:\colls\all\registry\RImage_usersDeleting directory: d:\colls\all\registry\RStyle_usersDeleting directory: d:\colls\all\registry\RTemplate_usersVerifying OLE filespaceVerifying image filespaceVerifying sound filespaceVerifying video filespaceVerifying stylesheet filespaceVerifying script filespaceVerifying binary filespaceVerifying text filespaceWarning! Removing formatting from member #1156992:   Text: let U, V be topological spaces. A plateau for a function f: U → V is a path-connected set of points P of U such that for some y we have f (p) = y for all p in P   Format: HTMLInspecting 515947 filespace slotsUnused filespace slot count: 6Checking for empty filespace slotsInspecting 6 empty filespace slotsFormatting removed from 1 text   Including 0 RTF text(s) and 1 HTML text(s)Verifying repetition history++++++++++++++++++++++    ERROR #2   ++++++++++++++++++++++   Wrong sequence of repetitions!   Repetition date: Jul 18, 1998   Item #12,348: derog: a rustic fellow (esp. if gullible or provincial)++++++++++++++++++++++    ERROR #3   ++++++++++++++++++++++   Wrong sequence of repetitions!   Repetition date: Nov 04, 2002   Item #177,001: Semicolons are optional and are required only if you want to [...]Repetition history compressed from 60.819 MB to 60.817 MBDeleting temporary foldersDeleting directory: d:\colls\all\tempThe size of remaining temporary files is 8.85 MB   These files can be deleted with File : Tools : GarbageRemoving empty collection directoriesDeleting directory: d:\colls\all\elements\2\4\30\Deleting directory: d:\colls\all\subsets\tmp\Removing empty secondary storage directoriesProcess completed at 03:01:20 in 01:09:41 sec (Feb 28, 2016, Sun)3 ERRORS (Checking the integrity of the collection)